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Nucleic acids are bio-molecules which might be found in cells of all living organisms, be it plants or even animals. Nucleic acids represents a key role in the continuation of life in any living organism. Nucleic acids consist of DNA and RNA as their major components. DNA and RNA are essential components seen in the cells of the living organisms that plays a major position in manufacture of necessary protein through a process of replication we. e. DNA replication.

Nucleic acids can be extracted via different methods, some of the procedures were demonstrated by the renowned Swiss physician, Friedrick Miescher in 1869 when he has been determined to solve the question of how does the basic guideline of life works? Due to the fact nucleic acids are substances with unique characteristics, can make them to be able to be famous from other molecules hence capable of being extracted. Before these nucleic acids are being extracted, various other bio-molecules such as bacteriophages that we term as " pollutants, " should be removed to be able to facilitate faster extraction regarding pure nucleic acids. DNA can be extracted using recombinant method. This method involves getting started together two different types of DNA molecules from different varieties. This method ensures faster associated with specific DNA molecule within an organism since the two types involving DNA materials are unknown to each other hence extraction of purified DNA molecule.

Some manual methods which includes centrifugal method can be used to ensure appropriate extraction of DNA in addition to RNA bio-molecules, this method consists of repeated centrifuge of health proteins materials such as blood as well as other materials such as egg yolks, this is done in repeated occasions until the impurities in the necessary protein materials are removed then the pure nucleic molecule will be remained with. However generally purification of these proteins is vital in this method to ensure manufacturing of the best product.

Solution based method is a modern method which is popularly being adopted by means of several modern physician throughout the world, this method is a method which has been developed by a series of famous health professionals from older generation to date. this technique involves removal of unwanted materials in the solution by using certain specific and more advanced solutions. these solutions are added to break the connect between and among the nucleic acid. This according to their method of bonding will result in the particular extraction of more filtered nucleic acids than the preceding methods as stated above.

Additionally an extraction kit that contains a bead that employs the principle of a magnet is used to extract nucleic acids from different types of the organisms this method is more efficient and the cheapest method of all the other strategies. The magnetic rod merely attract to certain certain DNA and RNA bio-molecules hence production of a purified nucleic molecules.

Other techniques such as anion exchange materials, Ion exchange chromatography and affinity are used to extract nucleic acids, these methods are mostly laboratory methods which utilizes certain principles and a additionally follow strict procedure. addititionally there is an automated method of extraction which utilizes a very expensive musical instrument that can easily extract nucleic acids.

automated nucleic acid extraction system
automated nucleic acid extraction
automated nucleic acid extraction

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